Paris is the capital and most populous city of France, with an area of 105 square kilometeres and an official estimated population of 2,140,526 residents as of 1 January 2019. Since the 17th century, Paris has been one of Europe’s major centres of finance, diplomacy, commerce, fashion, science, as well as the arts. The City of Paris is the centre and seat of government of the Île-de-France, or Paris Region, which has an estimated official 2019 population of 12,213,364, or about 18 percent of the population of France. The Paris Region had a GDP of €709 billion in 2017. According to the Economist Intelligence Unit Worldwide Cost of Living Survey in 2018, Paris was the second most expensive city in the world, after Singapore.
There are 440 km (270 mi) of cycle paths and routes in Paris.
Paris offers a bike sharing system called Vélib’ with more than 20,000 public bicycles distributed at 1,800 parking stations, which can be rented for short and medium distances including one way trips.
Electricity is provided to Paris through a peripheral grid fed by multiple sources. As of 2012, around 50% of electricity generated in the Île-de-France comes from cogeneration energy plants located near the outer limits of the region; other energy sources include the Nogent Nuclear Power Plant (35%), trash incineration (9% – with cogeneration plants, these provide the city in heat as well), methane gas (5%), hydraulics (1%), solar power (0.1%) and a negligible amount of wind power (0.034 GWh). A quarter of the city’s district heating is to come from a plant in Saint-Ouen-sur-Seine, burning a 50/50-mix of coal and 140,000 tonnes of wood pellets from the United States per year.
Paris today has more than 421 municipal parks and gardens, covering more than 3,000 hectares and containing more than 250,000 trees.
Source : Wikipedia
City of Paris is a member of Energy Cities since 2004
2 265 884 Inhabitants
With their shared envelope and multiple occupants and owners, deep retrofit of condominiums presents particular challenges. These require recognition in policy at the EU and national level in order to develop the ‘enabling environment’ required to accelerate deep retrofit.
Large parts of the existing building stock are in need of modernisation and better energy performances. How can this happen? And how can we avoid social catastrophes?
In connection with the Paris Biodiversity Plan: Study and define the framework of green and blue infrastructures endorsed by the Grenelle process Reinforce the green […]
Paris public lighting (345,000 light sources, including signage, street and park lighting, illuminations) consumes nearly 150 GWh of electricity each year. For the City of […]