City of Stuttgart

Stuttgart is as well known for its industrial activity as for its foresighted urban sustainable development thanks to its farsighted climate and energy policy. A scenario of 2ºC increase of mean annual temperature threatens Stuttgart and its region for the period of 2071-2100. The city plans to become climate-neutral as soon as possible, before 2050. To this end, the German city has adopted a climate action programme World climate at need – time for Stuttgart to act. But Stuttgart has been acting for its citizens in this context for a long time…

Energy transition and renovation for a climate-proof Stuttgart

Thanks to its action program and the city’s climate plan, Stuttgart now wants to reduce its oil and coal use by 65% before 2050. The city will provide 35% of its energy needs (i.e. +17% compared to 2017) with a locally produced renewable energy. Schools will be equipped with photovoltaic panels by 2025. To this end, the city council has asked the German federal government to make solar roofing mandatory for new buildings.

In addition, the city of Stuttgart wants to raise its public housing to a higher standard of energy efficiency. Since 1995, Stuttgart has been using internal performance agreements in combination with a revolving fund, called Intracting, to improve energy efficiency and promote renewable energies in public buildings. City departments collaborate and finance projects with energy saving potential (insulation work, lighting renovation, etc.) with the city budget.

The city also anticipates the increase in heat waves, the decrease of air quality and the urban climate: therefore, 30% of flat roofs and facades will be greened. The city also mapped its ventilation corridors in 2014 in a Climate Atlas to help regional planners to act for climate optimisation.

Stuttgart, urban sustainable development’s model

As Baden-Württemberg state capital, Stuttgart is pursuing progressive climate protection measures towards decarbonization. The city is a pilot municipality in the test of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) indicators and wants to set a local carbon price. For that, the city foresees to expand its funding and financial tools for energy and climate protection.

As a municipality, Stuttgart requires that the travel of its employees and its vehicle fleet be as low-carbon as possible. The city wants to exclude flights with a two-hour train alternative from its airport offer. At the same time, prices for public transport and e-mobility will be lowered. Finally, the city has asked the Federal government to support its ambitious programme by implementing some transport-related measures.

In 2017, Stuttgart hosted Energy Cities Annual Conference and served as a learning place on the societal, cultural, economic and technological shifts that come with the energy transition in Europe. For its actions, Stuttgart received the German Sustainability Award in 2021, known as Europe’s largest award for ecological and social commitment. The award’s office praised the exemplary work of the city in the field of energy and climate protection in its laudatory speech.

Sources: the city’s official website; Energy Cities’ best practices articles; United Nations’ Sustainable Development Goals official page; online media “Ecogood” article about German Sustainability Award; Energy Cities report on the internal performance agreement, “Intracting”.


City of Stuttgart is a member of Energy Cities since 2007


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