The city of Lille turned the river Deûle into the essential element in the redevelopment of an old 25-hectare industrial
site, recognising its social and environmental benefits as well
as its key role with respect to climate change adaptation.
The banks of the Haute Deûle constitute a specific territory, defined both by its industrial history, with the old cotton and linen factory Leblan Lafont, and by the presence of water. Extending across the municipalities of Lille and Lomme, this territory covers an area of 25 hectares, on the two sides of the Deûle canal.
Even though the canal crossed the district, it essentially only had an industrial role. In fact, the presence of water was not very noticeable in the surrounding neighbourhoods. The territory surrounding the city is flood-prone due to the topography of the area and the presence of groundwater close to the surface. Surface water was of poor quality, presenting eutrophication of water courses, particularly for the Deûle.
Therefore, the challenge was twofold: on the one hand to rehabilitate the old industrial area and transform it into an appealing and sustainable place to live while simultaneously enhancing the industrial heritage. On the other hand, some environmental and climatic issues related to water management had to be addressed. The redevelopment of the site started at the end of 2003 with the creation of a Joint Development Zone.
The new district ensures social diversity with a balance between properties for sale and for rent at market prices, affordable housing, and social housing.
It was decided to give emphasis to the presence of water by directing it to the heart of the neighbourhood, close to housing and offices. The development prescriptions initially regarded the regulation of discharges into the natural environment:
In order to mitigate the risk of floods, the city has also decided to cap soil-sealing at 80%. Some management prescriptions have been formulated regarding the treatment of external mineral surfaces with maximum permeability in joints or materials. The technical specifications have also imposed a minimum ratio of open ground of 20% (applied to the 20% permeable soil), with local variations according to the detailed requirements of the fauna-flora study.
Although the average density of the neighbourhood is higher than in surrounding neighbourhoods, the redevelopment of the district left a large part to public spaces which make up almost half the surface of the Joint Development Zone. These public spaces involve the realisation of a green network.
Two objectives have been set and achieved:
This green network creates a pleasant landscape frame as well as a biodiversity shelter and space for rainwater infiltration, and it attenuates the urban heat island effect.
The choice of local species, used to living close to water, was favoured, and particular care was taken in the planting of trees using a differentiated management policy. Green spaces are also places for conviviality and ‘breathing spaces’, providing a better quality of life in an area marked by the high density of buildings.
The desire to make the neighbourhood resilient to the effects of climate change and respectful of the environment was linked to concern to minimize energy consumption.
The district was designed to limit the use of the car, particularly through the construction of carparks. Less carbon intensive modes of transport are encouraged thanks to the mesh of pedestrian and bicycle circulation. Twice as much of the neighbourhood’s surface is dedicated to pedestrians and bicycles than to cars. The metro, free bike service, and a car sharing point are easily accessible, especially for people with reduced mobility.
The buildings have been designed with high energy performance requirements, making the choice of energy sources reversible and favouring the use of renewable energies. The architectural choices that were made invite developers to use a minimum amount of wood in the construction of housing to support the development of a sector still little developed in the region.
In addition, 80% of the waste is upgraded or recycled at the neighbourhood level.
The 152,000 m2 of the first phase of development are now being sold, i.e. 860 housing units delivered or being finalised, and 80,000m2 of tertiary surface. Given the potential of the urban project, it was decided to continue its development. The project now counts 38 hectares, including the 25 hectares of the first phase, with a short-term transformation capacity which invites to continue the development of the existing zone and use its full potential. The project ultimately includes the extension of the network of soft mobility corridors, and the creation of ‘Turtle park’, a vast green and recreational area.
It is also worth mentioning that the district also includes the establishment of the Eura Technologies centre, dedicated to Information and Communication Technologies in the metropolitan area, on the site of the former factory Le Blan Lafont.
The project has received many awards: