Valencia is carrying out an energy and urban transition that has enabled it to almost reach the 2020 objectives of the European Climate Pact in 12 years. It has reduced its greenhouse gas emissions by 31% and its energy consumption by 18% compared to 2007. By 2030, Valencia aims to reduce its GHG emissions by 40% and increase its energy efficiency and the share of renewable energy by 27%. As a member of the Energy Cities’ board, Valencia is involved in a number of collaborative projects to achieve its goals. In 2019, the city adopted a Climate and Energy Action Plan.
The Autonomous Community of Valencia’s ultimate goal is ‘to be one of the 100 climate-neutral European cities by 2030’. To achieve this, Valencia is engaging in various collaborative projects to develop local energy communities and is investing in photovoltaics. By 2030, three districts will be made climate neutral. Finally, information and awareness-raising activities will encourage citizens to reduce their carbon emissions. It is the hope of the autonomous community that these measures will achieve energy independence and carbon neutrality.
Valencia is developing infrastructures that favour soft modes of transport. The city has the fourth-busiest metro system in Spain. In addition, the city is linked to other cities by high-speed train. Additionally, cyclists in Valencia had 141 km of cycle lanes in 2017. The Anillo Verde Metropolitano project, launched in 2015, has made it easier for cyclists and pedestrians to access the historical city centre. To this end, the metropolis created a circular route around this area by linking existing pedestrian and cycle routes. The route also runs alongside the natural parks of the Turia River and the Albufera and enhances Valencia’s rich landscape.
Valencia promotes a local and sustainable economy with its residents and holidaymakers. In 2019, it became the first city in the world to have a water and carbon compensation system. These systems certify the ecological footprint of tourists during their stay in order to encourage mindful and sustainable tourism. These efforts were recognised when the Spanish metropolis received the title of ‘European Capital of Smart Tourism’ 2022, along with the French city Bordeaux.
Sources : PDF of the València Climate and Sustainable Energy Action Plan ; Official website of the València Tourist Office ; Official website of the European Covenant of Mayors
City of València is a member of Energy Cities since 2019
790 201 Inhabitants