Local governments are on the frontline of the ecological transition and need to set ambitious targets. Citizens’ Assemblies can support them in this process. A Citizens’ Assembly is a deliberative and representative process where randomly selected individuals at national or local level come together to study, discuss and provide recommendations on a complex or contentious issue. Many of these assemblies have been held on climate and biodiversity-related questions. Many times, the measures debated and suggested in these assemblies are much more ambitious than the policies implemented. They also tend to be more concrete and tangible, making them comprehensible and measurable for the general public, which ensures citizens remain a part of the process.
Committing to tangible targets is thus a step we must take to turn cities’ ideas into concrete goals that will get every citizen and stakeholder involved. Inspired by the success of Citizens’ Assemblies around Europe and largely based on their recommendations, we put together a list of 33 tangible targets that can help cities speed up the ecological transition. In addition to Citizens’ Assemblies, we also gathered various measures from city roadmaps and notable practices at both the national and municipal levels that served as sources of inspiration.
This list is not exhaustive but covers the main measures taken in different municipalities and countries across Europe. It’s designed to inspire local governments and for them to choose a set of targets to commit to depending on what is suitable for their cities. They are not expected to reach all targets by 2030; instead they are encouraged to focus on around a dozen goals that can help them make significant steps in the categories most relevant to their territory.
Agriculture and food
Housing, planning, and urbanism
Energy production and consumption
Awareness-raising and prevention