In this study, we identified cities with pioneering participatory initiatives. The objective is to highlight innovative practices to understand the evolution of the role of cities and the modifications of the dynamics between players. Similarly, we seek to understand what implications these new practices have for energy transition policies and what lessons can be learned from them.
The opportunities and potential issues of blockchain technology for local authorities will be addressed. We will also look ahead to determine whether and when mass use of this technology at the local level could be viable.
The debate on local energy governance involves a multitude of concepts whose content is not always very clear. Notions such as “re-municipalisation”, “devolution”, “ownership” or energy “democratisation” have become strong symbols, rallying cries for a more political and local vision of the energy transition.
When it comes to managing the energy transition the need for municipally-owned energy has never been clearer. In recent years we have seen some successes of local energy ownership. However, the sharing of these experiences has been limited, and they have tended to remain local and specific.