This report intends to present the results of an analysis led in order to determine to which extent European cities were involved in the National Energy and Climate Plans (NECPs) drafting process and local energy and climate actions are taken into consideration by Member States in their NECPs.
Community energy production in Europe has huge potential. A recent study found that half of EU citizens – including local communities, schools and hospitals – could be producing their own renewable electricity by 2050, meeting 45% of their energy demand.1 Now, building on new EU community and citizen energy rights, the potential must be fully unleashed, to put Europe on the path to the needed energy transformation.
In this study, we identified cities with pioneering participatory initiatives. The objective is to highlight innovative practices to understand the evolution of the role of cities and the modifications of the dynamics between players. Similarly, we seek to understand what implications these new practices have for energy transition policies and what lessons can be learned from them.
If we want to increase the number of renewable projects in Europe, we need to set up the right policy frameworks and to connect the right actors (policy-makers, citizens, companies, NGOs…) with each other. This is, what the Renewable Networking Platform project aims at, while monitoring the advances in renewable policies both at national and sub-national levels.
We are witnessing how local governments in the U.S. and Europe are rallying to respond to the climate challenge and are driving the transition to a sustainable low carbon future. Showing that citizen and business participation makes climate and energy policies more effective might inspire others to follow suit. That, in turn, could make it easier for national leaders to act more forcefully.